The Nigerian edikaikong soup has over the years topped the list of Nigerian popular soups because of its nutritional value and ease of preparation.
This soup is native to the efiks, people from cross river state. The name edikaikong simply translates to “vegetable soup”

I make more of this soup than every other Nigerian soup simply because it is likely the best source of vitamins known to me.

The only downside to this soup is that it loses its nutritional value when refrigerated over a long period of time. It is advisable to make what would be enough for few days, one week at most. (but that is if you care about its nutritional value, some folks don’t remember that part)

Here are all the ingredients for making Nigerian edikaikong soup, you can reduce or increase depending on the number of people you are looking to feed.

Ingredients For Edikaikong

Serving 6×2
Stock fish head (medium size)
500g Dried fish or roasted fish
1 cup of ground or pounded crayfish
Waterleaf (10-12 cups)
Fluted pumpkin (ugwu leaf) (6-7 cups)
1 cup of palm oil
Meat of choice (preferably assorted meat)
Salt and pepper to taste
Maggi or knorr cube (3-4)
1 cup of Periwinkles (optional)
2 spoons of ofor or achi
Half cup of onions

Below are the images of some of the ingredients used for edikaikong soup, I like to pound my pepper/crayfish whenever I am making this delicious soup.

Ingredients For Edikaikong
You would find sliced water leaves in one bowl, sliced ugu leaves, 1.5kg of meat (goat meat and cow liver), pounded crafish/pepper and periwinkles.

Have you seen or eaten periwinkles before, I like them so much. You can purchase already-cleaned periwinkle from most Nigerian market, although it is entirely up to you to decide if you want them or not. You will learn more from the video below

How to prepare ofe edikaikong

Parboil meat with necessary ingredients, 2 cubes of maggi, half cup of onions, salt and other spice of choice. (I like to also add kitchen glory (beef seasoning) while parboiling meats but I am not sure if this spice is available in other countries)

Cook for 10 minutes then add water and cook till meat is 70% softer for consumption, wash the dry fish and stock fish with hot water to remove sand and impurities then add to the cooking meat on fire. (You can add this at the beginning if you have very dry (strong) fish

Slice the ugwu leaves and Water leaves to bits (this is normally done by the traders in the market (in Nigeria) but you can slice at home with the help of a very sharp knife and a chopping board.
Pour the leaves separately in bowls and soak in water, wash to remove sand.

It is advisable to wash the leaves thoroughly before slicing or slice before washing, this is actually the major reason why I chose to slice my leaves myself. You can wash the fluted pumpkin before slicing but you will need to slice the water leaves before washing.

To the boiling meat on fire; 1 cup of Palm oil (250ml), it takes lots of oil to prepare this soup. I used about 300ml to make the soup in the video below.

Add salt and pepper to taste. Cook for 5-10 minutes, be sure the whole combination is boiling with very little trace of water

Stir, taste for salt and pepper before adding the water leaves, stir and allow for about 3 minutes then add the ugwu leaves (fluted pumpkin), stir, add the pounded crayfish/pepper, periwinkles, 1-2 cubes of maggi, stir, taste for salt, add one tablespoon of ground ofor or achi (optional), sprinkle a spoon or a little more, stir. cover half-way and allow to simmer for 3-5 minutes.
making edikaikong

You just made delicious edikaiakong soup, you can serve with Nigerian fufu, semo, wheat, eba, or pounded yam. What you find below is a plate of edikaikong soup plus a combination of prepared wheat and semo.

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Here is a simple video

Most people learn faster with videos so we also included a video on making Nigerian Edikaikong soup, you will also learn about all the ingredients used in making this soup and even much more about other Nigerian foods.

I made this video about a week ago in my kitchen, In the Nigerian Kitchen. it gives you a better illustration of the above written article, you will learn about all the ingredients used in making edikaikong soup as well as the processes involved in making the soup.

Make a delicious pot of Egusi Soup – Edikaikong soup

Return to the complete list of All Nigerian Soups


  1. Judith  August 7, 2013

    Bitter-leave soup(Ofe onugbo) is an Igbo food not yoruba. Thanks for the edikaikong soup, you are the best

    • Liz  July 2, 2018

      It’s also a yoruba soup.

  2. Mr Joy  October 19, 2013

    Yea! I love this soup. Edikaikong is my favorite soup since I learned to prepare it from you. For a long time I have been hearing about how delicious it is but now I can also say that this soup is super delicious. It is now my favorite vegatble soup.

    • Blessing  October 7, 2017

      My husband love this soup well well

  3. Nkiru  October 19, 2013

    Please can I use just fluted pumpkin leaves for edikaikong soup, I collected a lot of those from my little garden beside my house and I am wondering if I need to buy water leaves since I have enough of fluted pumpkin. Thanks

    • Vicky  March 3, 2017

      Yes, the combo gives a unique blend of taste.

    • Queen Lateefah  June 13, 2017

      No u can’t. It won’t give the taste u want

    • Eldred  June 25, 2019

      Yes of course. It makes up the soup

    • Akintoye Oyelade  November 11, 2019

      of course

  4. tessy awu  January 17, 2014

    Nice one! Pls when do I start receiving mails from you???

    • The Nigerian Kitchen  January 20, 2014

      Once you subscribe to my weekly newsletter form you will start receiving free weekly recipe emails from me. Just look out for the form, it is everywhere /thanks/

  5. Kelechi  July 29, 2014

    You have the best site for Nigerian foods, thanks for all these wonderful recipes, I found your site while I was searching for how to make edikaikong soup. I am from Igbo but I really love this calabar/efik soup
    thanks for teaching me.

  6. Chinanu Umeh  July 29, 2014

    wow!!! this is super delicious and you are the best, please keep doing this wonderful job of teaching us to cook with confidence, my God will surely bless you and enlarge your coast. I will try the edikaikong this weekend, thanks

  7. Teewa  August 9, 2014

    Nice work sis… Pls is it necessary to wash or perboil d periwinkles?

  8. ololade  August 26, 2014

    thanks a lot for this soup,you’re the best

  9. Oluwatoyosi  September 6, 2014

    Tnks alots for more enlightment about ds soup.

  10. folake  October 1, 2014

    Thank u, am really enjoying the book i bought from u which i receive some weeks back…pls i ve a question for u pls is it possible to use red kidney beans for fruit salad instead of green beans?

    • Chy Anegbu  October 4, 2014

      For fruit salad? Green beans is used for vegetable salad and not fruit salad dear. and yes, you can add kidney beans but it might no completely fill the place of green beans.

  11. chidimma  October 4, 2014

    I love your site. Sometimes when I’m less busy with school, I spend hours here. I’m not married yet so most times I try out your recipes on my roomate. Lol. The last soup I made was the vegetable soup and it didn’t turn out like what I see. Mine had water despite I made sure that before adding the veggies there was almost no water in the already cooked ingredients. It was just a thick consistency of meat,oil and the other ingredients. I figured the water came from the waterleaf. My question is how do you deal with the excess water from the waterleaf without overcooking it? (Overcooking it makes it black and that green colour is essential). A friend suggested after washing the waterleaf I should put it in a sieve and allow it drain out completely before adding to the soup.

    • Chy Anegbu  October 11, 2014

      You could simmer the waterleaves alone in another pot for four minutes, 70% of the water would spill out, you can then transfer into a sieve and allow to drain, then just add it, stir and bring down the soup. If you want to use this method you will then have to add the fluted pumpkin leave to the soup first.

    • Gold  October 22, 2016

      @ chidima, all you need do is find that effik water leaf. The leafs are tiny, those one contains little or no water. It’s best for edikaikong soup

    • Confidence  April 3, 2019

      Please what if you fried the water leaf ?what’s the difference.

  12. Nasa  October 13, 2014

    dis site is superb, tumbs up dear chy. Plss i would like to be getting your mail, how do i go about it. Thanks.

    • Chy Anegbu  October 13, 2014

      Just subscribe via one of the forms on my site.

  13. nelly  October 28, 2014

    chy i di too much keep it up

  14. john  November 10, 2014


  15. Kenny  November 27, 2014

    I will try out d edikaikong soup soonest.
    You r really doing a good job.
    Keep it up!

  16. Airat  December 2, 2014

    This soup is my favorite, and now watching it on dis site taught me a better way t cook it. Tanx t Nigerian kitchen

    • Chy Anegbu  December 3, 2014

      Airat, thanks for commenting and welcome once again to the kitchen.

  17. joy  January 12, 2015

    Nice and natural with originality from Nigeria for real. Not people who modernise our traditional dishes into oyibo what I don’t know.

  18. mathew edibo  February 28, 2015

    thanks for d info but how can I get your book and do u have a catering school? Thanks

    • Chy Anegbu  March 3, 2015

      pls call 08035051468 for the books

  19. Emilia  March 7, 2015

    i just made a delicious edikaikong soup for the first time. My husband loved it..he did not know my secret….thanks so much for this recipe…am feeling like great cook; Bravo!

  20. Tolulope  April 16, 2015

    Thanks so much, am still single but abt to get married and am always coming to ur site to learn so many things. am going to try this edikaikong soup this weekend


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