Ogbono soup (draw soup) is one of the most popular soups in Nigeria. Here, you will learn how to make this delicious soup and why it falls into the list of Nigerian popular soups.
You will also find a video on making Nigerian Ogbono (ogbolo) soup at the bottom of this page.

While searching the web I have learned that there are over forty different soups that are eaten in Nigeria and there are probably about a hundreds of other foods, the list would likely run into thousands if both fruits were counted.

Here we talked about the process involved in making Nigerian draw soup. This soup is actually easy to prepare because almost all of its ingredients could be prepared by traders in the market, making it very easy for the cook.

Ogbono soup
What you find above is a delicious plate of ogbono soup, I used just a handful of uziza leaves

Although, most people prefer this soup without leaves, the video below was made with bitter leaves. You can substitute different leaves for most Nigerian soups, this soup can also be made with fluted pumpkin leaves. I have even eaten ogbolo soup that was made with uha leaves by my grandmother several years ago. So you can go ahead and experiment wildly!

Here are all the ingredients for making Nigerian Ogbono Soup, it would serve about 6×2 persons ( the remainder could be refrigerated for up to two weeks)
Assorted meat 1.5kg
2 cups of ogbono seeds
Stock fish head (medium size)
1 medium size dry catfish
1 cup of crayfish (ground)
Fluted pumpkin (a bunch)
1 teaspoon of ogiri or ground dawadawa or okpei (local ingredients) (optional)
250ml of palm oil
salt and pepper to taste.

Serving: 6×3.

Ogbono Ingredients
From top : Stockfish head, ground ogbono seed, assorted meat, dried catfish and bitter leaves (Onugbu).

Assorted meat is always preferred above all other types of meats in Nigeria. This is just different parts of a cow, from the intestine to the tripe (shaki), kidney, liver, heart and also red meat (beef).

Like I stated above. This soup is very easy to prepare, you can grind/blend ogbono seeds with a blender or hand grinding machine. This can either be done at home or by the trader who sold it to you in the market (if you live in Nigeria).

Selecting the right Ogbono seed and other ingredients.

Most people don’t know the difference between the authentic and the fake ogbono seeds, the best approach would be to buy from a trusted trader. Although there is just very little difference between the two, the only difference is that one has better elasticity.
Another ingredient that has a direct effect on any Nigerian soup is the kind of dry fish used, I like to use the round dry cat fish. It is sold in most Nigerian markets and African shops, if you can get your hands on a good one it tastes nice in soups

I made this soup with bitter leaves you might want to boil the bitter leaves with water for ten to fifteen minutes, this technique would further reduce the bitter tastes and also soften the leaves (some people also add a little bit of edible potash just to hasten the whole process but I highly advice against this practice because it can change the entire texture of your soup thereby decreasing the nutritional value.

How to Make Ogbono Soup

Soak the dry fish and stock fish with hot water for few seconds, then wash.
break the fish and remove the center bone.

Here is how to make Nigerian ogbolo or Ogbono soup.

Parboil your meat the normal way, with all the necessary ingredients (2 seasoning cubes, teaspoon of salt, onions, teaspoon of your favorite beef spice).

Ask them for beef spice at the grocery store or local market, there are different brands.

Add water to the meat after about ten minutes and cook till it is soft enough for consumption and the water is almost dried (just about 1 cup left), You will need to add 7 cups of water at this point. Add the washed dry fish and stock fish, 250ml of palm oil, ground crayfish.

cooking ogbono soup
Stir, cover and cook for 10-15 minutes.

Add salt and pepper to taste, add another seasoning cube, add the ground ogbono seeds, stir and cook for another five minutes.
making ogbono soup

Boiling Ogbono soup

Taste your soup. (you can add more salt, pepper or seasoning cube)

Add the vegetables.
add bitterleaves

Stir and allow to simmer for three minutes after adding the bitter leaves (as below)

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You just made a very delicious Nigerian ogbono soup
pot of ogbono soup

Video For Ogbono Soup

What you see above is the video for making Nigerian Ogbono soup, I had to list all the ingredients used as well as a step by step detailed instruction for making this delicious Nigerian soup, Enjoy!

Compare other Nigerian soups

Okra soup in Nigeria


  1. Celynez  April 4, 2019

    This is perfect. I love your recipes, I use them to improve my cooking and most times I wonder if I’m actually the one who cooked the food because it tastes perfect. Thank you soon much for your wonderful recipes

  2. tamar  April 30, 2019

    Kudos to u dear for this lovely ogbono soup,now am good to go for this soup,now planning to know more of Nigerian soup,My husband said are u sure you made this soup yourself or u employ expert to cook for u(a Yoruba woman) ,unknown to him that my secret is from you,Thanks dear,awaiting for more.

    • Chy Anegbu  May 1, 2019

      Thanks for your feedback dear.

  3. Alice  June 14, 2019

    Tanx dear for ur fine ogbonno soup recipe. . Please keep sending more recipe to. me. God bless u..

  4. Lucia chinonye offor  June 15, 2019

    Nice i also make mine same way and somtimes i do add okro

  5. Lilian  June 15, 2019

    Great! I love this, thanks Chy

  6. Aminat  October 9, 2019

    I love it because it is a native food which contain all ingredients that is useful for body


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