Puff puff is one of the easiest of all Nigerian snacks, I posted an image of it on my Facebook page and learned that Nigerians have different spelling for it.
The comments that trailed the image on my Facebook page spelled it in different ways and one guy even called it poopoofuu! /only him waka come/. 😀

Thanks to Maryam Kamba for telling us the Hausa name – Panke, We are going to learn how to make puff puff, I suppose it is the easiest of all Nigerian snacks.
Puff Puff Nigeria Snack
I love kpuff kpuff too but not as well as little Onyi, She could eat a lorry load of them and end up smiling and playing around with oily lips. 😀

How To Make Puff Puff Without Yeast

I get this question regularly and truthfully, I don’t think there is any way you are ever going to have the same delicious looking-tasting-smelling puff-puff without adding yeast.

Yeast is actually the ingredient that is responsible for that nice smell that is synonymous with this snack. So, at the moment, there is no alternative to yeast, when I find it, I will definitely tell you about it.

Yeast is used in bread, pizza, beer, and several other foods. Nutritionists don’t consider it harmful to the human body, on the contrary, they think it has some health benefits.

Here is how to make this delicious snack in Nigeria, It is quite easy to make. It is likely the easiest of all Nigerian snacks, same as chin chin. They could both be made in less than 60 minutes.

Complete Ingredients For Puff Puff:

Serving 4 persons
    All-purpose flour (2.5 cups)
    Salt (half teaspoon)
    Half Teaspoon ground chilli (Pepper)
    Granulated sugar (3-4 spoons)
    Ground Seed of nutmeg (2 teaspoons)
    3 liters of Vegetable/groundnut oil (for frying)
    2 Teaspoons of active yeast

How to Make Puff Puff With Pepper

Pepper (chilies) is one ingredient I find particularly delicious in puff puff, this recipe included pepper and I am sure you are going to love it.


Like most Nigerian foods, there are techniques you need to employ when making this snack, just to be sure you end up with the actual thing. 😀

Something as simple as yeast can mess up your puff puff if you don’t use it well, it happens with several other Nigerian foods. Just follow the instructions completely and you would end up with something really nice. Then you pull out your phone, take a snap and send it to me.

Yeast should be stored in an airtight container, it goes bad when exposed to atmospheric air and thus serves no purpose whatsoever.

How to make Puff puff

Start by washing your hands properly and wipe with a kitchen towel.

Step 1

Add two and a half cups of flour to a bowl, (about 200g), two teaspoons of yeast, add the ground nutmeg, add a pinch of salt to taste, 3 spoons of granulated sugar and start stirring with your hand and make sure the dried ingredients are properly mixed together.


Step 2

Now add 200ml of warm water to mix properly, stir with your hand for few more minutes until they are properly integrated together.

Add enough water so you can actually scoop some in your palm; but not too much water to the point that it would run off through your fingers when scooped.

Remember that the standard measuring cup is 250ml, the equivalent is that peak tin milk cup that most market women use for measuring 50 naira garri.

Step 3

Add the ground chilies (pepper), stir some more.

Making Hausa panke

You can taste at this point and add more salt and sugar if there is any need for a little more; then go ahead and stir a little more.

Step 4

Once it is properly mixed together, you will need to tightly cover the mixture in the bowl with either a foil, tray or nylon for about thirty minutes. This gives the yeast the chance to do its assignment.

When you open the covering, it would have risen a little, if it is very foamy, you probably used lots of yeast and your puff puff would have holes in them, but that is not very bad, No holes at all are bad actually.

Step 5

Set a cooking pot on the fire, I don’t think frying pan would work, except you have really deep frying pan. Allow the pot to dry before adding about 2-3litres of oil.
make sure the oil is at least 2-3inch deep, it is not right for the puff puff to rest at the bottom of the pot, it would give it a somewhat flat shape, and people would actually think you made pancake 😀

Step 6

Once the oil is heated, scoop some in your palm and squeeze into the oil, allowing it to escape through the circle made by your thumb and index finger. Don’t bother about making it so big, what you drop into the oil will triple in size before it comes out of the oil.
deep frying puff puff

When you get it right, it should be somewhat spherical and sometimes with a horn. It should float if the oil is properly heated; Continue until the oil is covered. Observe and turn once you see that usual color of puff puff.

How to fry it

You have to be mindful of the heat also, the oil when heated too much could burn the puff puff before it is properly cooked and when it is not heated at all your puff puff gets soaked in too much oil.

Puff Puff Nigeria Snack

Actually, when you drop the batter into the oil, it may sink first, then rise to the surface.


Repeat until you have fried all the barter. Now that is how to make puff puff. Pull out your phone, take a snap and send it to me, enjoy with your favorite soft drink. Then send some to your neighbors, friends, family, etc.

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Video for this recipe

Puff puff recipe

Puff Puff Recipe with Pepper

Chy Anegbu
You can't do without puff puff, I am sure. This recipe shows you how you can make it in just 90 minutes.
5 from 6 votes
Prep Time 45 mins
Cook Time 45 mins
Total Time 1 hr 30 mins
Course Dessert, Nigerian desserts
Cuisine Nigerian Cuisine
Servings 4 People
Calories 558 kcal


  • Pots
  • Bowl
  • Cooking spoons


  • 2.5 Cups All-purpose flour
  • 1/2 tsp Salt half teaspoon
  • 1/2 tsp ground chilli Pepper
  • 3 tsp Granulated sugar
  • 2 tsp Ground Seed of nutmeg
  • 3 liters Vegetable oil for frying
  • 2 tsp of active yeast


  • Add all the dried ingredients together in a bowl and mix them properly. (yeast, flour, ground nutmeg, add a pinch of salt, granulated sugar.
  • add 150ml of warm water to mix properly, stir properly.
  • Add the ground chilies (pepper), stir some more.
  • Taste for salt and pepper. You can add a little more water, you just want a fine consistency.
  • Cover the bowl with nylon when it is properly mixed and allow to rise for 45 minutes in a warm place.
  • After 45 minutes, stir and fry. Then serve with your favorite soft drink.


Keyword puff puff recipe

Learn how to make Chin Chin

Return to Other Nigerian Desserts


  1. Mk  September 25, 2014

    Wow thank you chi darling I see my name. In addition to the ingredients you can nono (the is use to make fura da nana ie cow milk) that is a bit sour to get it more tastier.

    • Chidi Anegbu  September 27, 2014

      MK, Thanks for your input. It’s nice having you around.

  2. Chika  September 27, 2014

    Thanks, I have always wanted to make puff puff but haven’t gotten around it yet. Thanks for the recipes, I will be trying it and when I am done, I will send you the image. Chika

  3. chituru  September 29, 2014

    Thanks so much for this recipe. I can’t wait to try it. I love to eat puff puff and so does my daughter. How can I preserve it if I need to make it to be eaten for few days.

    • Chidi Anegbu  September 30, 2014

      I don’t think there is a way to preserve puff puff, but it can last up to 48 hours on its own. thanks

  4. Chimmy  September 29, 2014

    Thanks Chi,you are really doing a great work here. I like eating puff puff ,Thanks for the recipe, I will try to make it.

  5. Daphne  September 29, 2014

    Thanks for the expo Chi. Do u knw I thought milk is an ingredient for puff puff?

    • Chy Anegbu  September 30, 2014

      Sure, you can also add a little milk as suggested by Maryam.

  6. Ujunwa  September 29, 2014

    Hmmmmmmmmmm Chy I love that, I will make it on 1st of Oct.

  7. Lizzy  September 29, 2014

    Hi Chy,
    Thank you for the recipes, particularly the one on puff puff. I will certainly send photos. I am
    enjoying also the book The Ultimate Nigerian Cookbook.

    Well done!

  8. amaka  September 29, 2014

    will try dat soon,thx

  9. TaGra-Cee  September 29, 2014

    wowo is sweet in our county we call it mandasi kikikiki

  10. ekwy akabogu  September 30, 2014

    Thanks so very much, I saw will try it over the weekend!

  11. Funmi  October 2, 2014

    Thanks Chy, but my question is about the yeast, does that mean that 2 (milk) cups of flour will be okay for 2spoons of yeast?

    • Chy Anegbu  October 4, 2014

      Funmi, Use one spoon of yeast for 3 milk cups of flour, a little bit less than a spoon for 2 cups.

  12. Phil  October 31, 2014

    wow, i ve always love Puff Puff but never knew how to make it, Thanks for the Recipes. Will try it out this weekend.

  13. fawale Adetoun  March 4, 2015

    Nice and simple write up, will definitely try it but will like to add little fresh red pepper(rodo). Thanks plenty.

    • Chy Anegbu  March 5, 2015

      Fresh red pepper to puff puff? ok, pls send me some when you are done.

  14. Joy  March 14, 2015

    Im so excited reading this. Have always thought its a big deal. As much as i love puff puff hav never tried it on my own. This gives me confidence to make it. Thanks so much Chy.

  15. Adebukola  March 29, 2015

    Yes fresh pepper can be added to the mixed flour when you are about to fry. It give the puff-puff a peppery taste.

    • Chy Anegbu  March 29, 2015

      ok, thanks for your input.

  16. Klara  June 8, 2015

    Thanks MK, would have tried it now,but don’t have yeast at the moment,but will definitely do and send the pix to you.please is it same recipe for buns? Cos I love it more!!!

    • Chy Anegbu  June 9, 2015

      ok, buns recipes is different though.

  17. Oluwayemi  June 13, 2015

    Hi chi,thanks for the recipe,it helps a lot.how will I get the ultimate Nigeria cookbook because I stays at Ibadan .

    • Chy Anegbu  June 20, 2015

      Oluwayemi, thanks for commenting, pls call 08035051468 for the cookbooks, we deliver to every state in Nigeria and most countries of the world.

  18. Tolani  August 9, 2015

    Thanks for ur gud work. I actually tried ur fried puff puff recipe yesterday and it came out wonderful. My hubby was asking for more. Kudos to u
    Pls can u direct me on hw to bake cake and also bake junks wit d use of stove bcos I don’t ave oven for now. Thanks once again

  19. pep  September 21, 2015

    Thanks for the recipe @ Chy. Please the spoon if yeast do you mean table spoon or tea spoon.

    • Chy Anegbu  September 21, 2015

      I just updated the recipe, 2 teaspoons of yeast is required.

  20. amaka  September 21, 2015

    Chy ure really doin a great work!kudos,will try d puff puff ova d weekend!!!

  21. amaka  September 21, 2015

    Pls how many puff puff will u get wit dat quantity of recipe listed?

    • Chy Anegbu  September 23, 2015

      depending on the size you make them, should be around 15-18 for the standard size.

  22. Blessing  September 21, 2015

    Really onion and red pepper are added to puff puff ooo aunty mi, hv tasted it n its wow! Will make mine soon….thnx

    • Chy Anegbu  September 22, 2015

      Sure, there is no limit to what we can do with foods.

  23. lily  September 22, 2015

    Chi, thanks a million for this info. came at the right time. please share more on how to make bean cake.

  24. Cindy  September 23, 2015

    Thanks for dis cite Chy, am a better cook today. I live in Cotonou and would like to have your book, the ultimate Nigerian cook book, how do I go about it.

  25. amaka  September 24, 2015

    Cchy I want to post d pic of d puff puff I just did,how will I post it?thanks!

  26. TITI  October 28, 2015

    Hi chi,thanks for the recipe,it helps a lot. More of it

  27. TEMMY  October 29, 2015

    thanks a lot ANTY chy but how would I
    get my book cs I want to buy but I leave in ile Ife osun state.

    • Chy Anegbu  November 1, 2015

      Just call us on 08035051468, we deliver to every city in Nigeria plus 220 other countries. Thanks

  28. cynthia  November 6, 2015

    Please, is a question actually, can i use deep fryer to fry the puff puff?

  29. Izenose  November 21, 2015

    Chy I tried this recipe but the dough didn’t have holes it just remained in the position. What didn’t I get right? I used two milk cuos for the measurements as am yet to acquire a scale, Is that measures correct?

    • Chy Anegbu  November 22, 2015

      watch your yeast, you need properly sealed yeast. don’t buy the tied one that is 50 naira. When you get the sealed one, store it in an air tight container. it turns bad once it is exposed to atmospheric air for as long as 24 hours.

  30. Izenose  November 23, 2015

    Chy I got it! Am sooo happy it make out very well I think I add too much water the first time, my son usually doesnt like it when buy it home but he finished two balls completely! God bless you ma! Please it’s the festive season can we get recipe for chin chin? Thank you!!!

  31. stephanie  December 6, 2015

    Thank u mrs anegu d recipe is wonderfull buh red pepper n onion can be added to d mixture too, try n u wud love it

  32. Amy  January 16, 2016

    Currently Just did my puff puff mixture and waiting for it to rise…im si excited n expectant..hopin it turns out well…how do i send d pic when im done?

  33. Jennifer  March 2, 2016

    Thanks Aunt Chy, u’re doing a wonderful job by us

  34. mojisola  March 27, 2016

    I will definitely try it,thanks

  35. Kaycee  April 16, 2016

    God bless u chy, am enjoying my own copy of ur book.

  36. oby  May 26, 2016

    Tnx,will try it

  37. rhoesy  June 6, 2016

    tanks for d ingredent but my puff puff tone out bad bcus i did not get a spherical shape instead it tone out flat al through like beans cake.pls tell wat mistake did i do oo

    • Chy Anegbu  June 7, 2016

      You should use lots of oil so measures about 4 inches from the bottom of the pot. This allow to puff puff to float and swim around while they fry.

      • Aishat  May 1, 2020

        Thank you sis, I had been trying to know how to make puff puff. Thanks again I really appreciate

  38. zainab  June 7, 2016

    Will be trying mine tomorrow cos i’ll be using it to break the fast with my family…Thanks Aunty chy.

  39. Olachene  June 29, 2016

    This is interesting ma,have learnt a lot. God bless.

  40. Viv  July 21, 2016

    Lovely tutorial dear. Am excited to try

  41. Meenal  September 8, 2016

    Hi Chi thanks for the recipe

  42. Grace  September 15, 2016

    Yummmmy!!! thanks so much Chy,May God you bless you real good for this great recipe.God will keep and protect your home in Jesus name.

  43. FAVOUR  September 27, 2016

    wow CHI this is nice keep it up. I will try this and send my pix, many thanks.

  44. Ruth Nkem  September 27, 2016

    Chy, I am glad to have received this recipe for Puff Puff. I will make it this week-end. I have always looked forward to preparing Puff Puff but do not know how to combine the recipe. More grease to your elbow.

  45. Gloria  September 27, 2016

    Hello Chy….its been fun since I stumbled on your page and it’s very excited. I love to cook and happy to also learn from a professional. Actually tried your Ofada sauce on Friday and it was awesome. Had planned to get the rice cook book but couldn’t as had a lot of stuffs to attend to. Would try this puff puff out shortly as its my daughter’s weakness especially in parties. Thanks for helping women

  46. Goodfello  October 23, 2016

    Great efforts there mydear.But couple facts are either missing or not properly represented i.e when u say cups U should specify like 25cl standard glass cup,like 1teaspoon salt & 3spoon sugar-tea or table?like the timing inbetween mixtures & frying and all:cos I was hoping to try some today!In anycase,U’r a help.Love.Godbless

    • Chy Anegbu  October 23, 2016

      Cup, spoon, teaspoon, half cup, etc are standard for recipe measurement. a
      A cup is 250ml, this facts are known all over the world and explained in detail in my cookbooks. Thanks for your comment.

  47. Imaobong  March 10, 2017

    Hello Chi, thanks for this recipe i Will try it this week-end

  48. Angel  March 13, 2017

    Hi chi
    Which is your facebook ID,there seems to be so many Nigeria kitchen.dont know the one to like..

  49. teee  March 30, 2017

    thanks for the recipe i will try it this weekend

  50. Benny  April 23, 2017

    5 stars
    Many thanks for the recipe, mine came out very fine today
    , far better than before.

  51. Thomas damilola  June 24, 2017

    Pls Chy
    How do I know the water measurement, Is 150ml same as a glass cup of water? Guess am not good and conversant with the measurements. Pls can you please help out. I made one n twas watery

  52. Lillian  June 24, 2017

    Wow dis is great tanks alot u r d best

  53. Oma  June 26, 2017

    Thanks Dear I was just about to request for it only for me to see it here .You really help a lot .if I may ask,pls can you send the recipe for pizza.Or do you do strictly Nigerian food?

    • Chy Anegbu  June 27, 2017

      Thanks for your feedback dear, you will find pizza recipe in the ultimate Nigerian cookbook.

  54. Nnenna  August 10, 2017

    Chy thanks so much for this, I tried mine before now and it turned flat inside the oil???. Will try again following your style. Pls can you teach how to bake cake manually without mixer? My daughters birthday is coming up and I promise her we will bake her birthday cake together

  55. Blessing  August 30, 2017

    Thanks for the update. Please do we have time limit for adding each ingredients? Thank you.

  56. Favor  December 15, 2017

    why warm water for mixing, and how do we mix the yeast with warm water instead of cold water

    • Chy Anegbu  December 20, 2017

      Warm water help activate the yeast, very necessary.

  57. Amara  January 26, 2018

    Thanks for showing me how to make puff puff. How do I add fresh pepper in the mixing?

    • Chy Anegbu  January 27, 2018

      Just before you start frying.

  58. UCHECHI  February 22, 2018



  59. mercy  October 10, 2018

    Tanx so much me I do wonder y my puff puff is not coming out well not knowing that I won’t add baking powder to it.tanx xo much I will re-try.

  60. Grace  January 18, 2019

    Thanks Nwanne mmadu! You are simply great!
    Well Done!
    I ♥ ♥ ♥ you…

  61. Aisha M Ashafa  January 19, 2019

    You are just wonderful. Thanks keep the good work going.

  62. M. ZEE  May 28, 2019

    5 stars
    Kudos 2u Chy, i ve tried so many times B4 bt dnt get it Tnx for d recipes…

  63. Kanyin  July 14, 2019

    Chy is it by force to put yeast

    • Chy Anegbu  July 14, 2019

      Lol, sure, you need yeast.

  64. Bolarin Adeyinka Abimbola  May 17, 2020

    Can I add my pepper after the flour has risen

    • Chy Anegbu  May 17, 2020

      No. it wouldn’t sit well.

  65. Remi Rebecca  May 22, 2020

    5 stars
    This is great…. i actually dont know how to make puff puff but on watching the video i think i can do perfect with just once practical. All thanks to this website, my man has got a good puff puff chef.😍

  66. Andi Cyril  August 25, 2020

    5 stars
    Thanks very much will try it and let you know


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